According to Russian media vapacige, biologists published an article in the Journal of Endodontics and concluded that smoking not only increases the risk of lung cancer, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but also significantly reduces human immunity.
Research found: Smoking reduces human immunity
According to a report by RIA Novosti on September 26, Anita of Case-Western Reservation University in Cleveland? Amino Sharia said: “This can explain why many smokers have dental caries and other oral diseases, and why their gums heal more slowly than non-smokers OBS Cube. TNF-α and hBD-2 proteins act as the last line of defense. Smoking caused them to be’killed’ before they joined the battle.”
According to statistics from the World Health Organization, there are approximately 1.1 billion smokers worldwide. Most of them live in developing and transitional countries. The latest research by British medical scientists shows that about 60% of smokers die prematurely because they are addicted to tobacco Timesvape Dreamer, not other reasons.
According to the report, in recent years, scientists have begun to notice that smoking significantly accelerates aging and hearing loss. This forces scientists to study more closely the various side effects associated with passive and active smoking.
When Amino Saria and colleagues studied how cigarette smoke affects dental pulp and other dental tissues, they also discovered an unexpected adverse effect vape atomizers. To this end, scientists recruited 70 volunteers who had dental caries but were not treated and invited them to be treated at the University Clinic of Case-Western Reservation.
According to reports, half of the volunteers smoked, and the rest never smoked. When the dentist removes the nerve, the biologist collects samples of healthy and damaged dental pulp and analyzes what hormones and proteins the dental tissue contains ijoy wand kit.
Amino Sharia said: “At first we expected to see differences in the level of specific signal substances related to immunity, and smokers will have lower levels than others. To our surprise apv mod, these’defense’ molecules are not simply reduced, but It’s not there at all in the pulp.”
According to reports, for example, there is almost no TNF-α protein molecule in the tooth tissue of a smoker, which is one of the most important substances that stimulate the activity of immune cells wicking for clouds, responsible for releasing inflammation and turning the immune system into an “emergency state mechanism.” Similarly, there are very few other two signaling molecules in the teeth of smokers-β-defensin 2 and β-defensin 3, which are responsible for fighting microorganisms.
Scientists point out that this difference can be used to explain why smokers are twice as likely to suffer from severe pulpitis that requires nerve removal and various gum diseases SXK Nibiru Style RTA. Amino Sharia and colleagues believe that the activity of the immune system in other tissues and organs is also reduced in a similar way.